How to reduce risk of uterine fibroids

By Juliana Kassianos, Transformational Fertility Coach, Yoga Teacher and Founder of The School of Fertility



Uterine fibroids are also known as leiomyomas or myomas. They are the commonest benign (non-cancerous) uterine tumours, with an estimated incidence of 20-40% in women of reproductive age.


  • Alcohol

  • Red meat

  • High Body Mass Index (BMI)

  • High blood pressure

  • Caffeine intake ≥500 mg/day

  • Coffee intake of ≥3 cups/day


  • Fresh fruit e.g. apples and tomatoes

  • Cruciferous vegetables e.g. broccoli, cauliflower and cabbage

  • Green tea (contain Epigallocatechin gallate)

  • Turmeric (contain Curcumin)

  • Licorice (contain Isoliquiritigenin) N.B. Not recommended for pregnancy

  • Shallot (contain Isoliquiritigenin)

  • Fava bean (contain Genistein)

  • Grapevines (contain Resveratrol)

  • Peanuts (contain Resveratrol)

  • Mulberries (contain Resveratrol)


Have anti-inflammatory, anti-fibrotic, anti-proliferative and anti-angiogenic effects.

  • Garlic (contain Allicin)

  • Berries e.g. strawberries, raspberries and blackberries (contain Ellagic acid)

  • Walnuts and pecans (contain Ellagic acid)

  • Grapes (contain Ellagic acid)

  • Cruciferous vegetables e.g. broccoli, cabbage and cauliflower (contain Indole-3-carbinol and Sulforaphone)

  • Tomato (contain Lycopene and Quercetin)

  • Pink grapefruit (contain Lycopene)

  • Apricots (contain Lycopene)

  • Lemon (contain Quercetin)

  • Strawberries (contain Quercetin)

  • Apples (contain Ursolic acid)

  • Prunes (contain Ursolic acid)

  • Cranberries (contain Ursolic acid)


  • Predisposing Factors for Fibroids and Outcome of Laparoscopic Myomectomy in Infertility. Prakash Trivedi and Mohini Abreo. J Gynecol Endosc Surg. 2009 Jan-Jun; 1(1): 47–56.

  • Association of intakes of fat, dietary fibre, soya iso avones and alcohol with uterine fibroids in Japanese women. Nagata C et al. Br J Nutr. 2009 May;101(10):1427-31. https://

  • Uterine fibroids: current perspectives. Aamir T Khan et al. Int J Womens Health. 2014; 6: 95–114.

  • Associations between uterine fibroids and lifestyles including diet, physical activity and stress: a case-control study in China. He Y et al. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2013;22(1):109-17.

  • Vegetarian diet and reduced uterine fibroids risk: A case-control study in Nanjing, China. Shen Y et al. J Obstet Gynaecol Res. 2016 Jan;42(1):87-94. pubmed/26458740

  • Use of dietary phytochemicals to target inflammation, fibrosis, proliferation, and angiogenesis in uterine tissues: Promising options for prevention and treatment of uterine broids? Md Soriful Islam et al. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2014 Aug; 58(8): 1667–1684. https://

Juliana Kassianos