How to reduce risk of uterine fibroids

By Juliana Kassianos, Transformational Fertility Coach, Yoga Teacher and Founder of The School of Fertility

nine-kopfer-313608-unsplash.jpg

WHAT ARE UTERINE FIBROIDS?

Uterine fibroids are also known as leiomyomas or myomas. They are the commonest benign (non-cancerous) uterine tumours, with an estimated incidence of 20-40% in women of reproductive age.

INCREASES RISK

  • Alcohol

  • Red meat

  • High Body Mass Index (BMI)

  • High blood pressure

  • Caffeine intake ≥500 mg/day

  • Coffee intake of ≥3 cups/day

DECREASES RISK

  • Fresh fruit e.g. apples and tomatoes

  • Cruciferous vegetables e.g. broccoli, cauliflower and cabbage

  • Green tea (contain Epigallocatechin gallate)

  • Turmeric (contain Curcumin)

  • Licorice (contain Isoliquiritigenin) N.B. Not recommended for pregnancy

  • Shallot (contain Isoliquiritigenin)

  • Fava bean (contain Genistein)

  • Grapevines (contain Resveratrol)

  • Peanuts (contain Resveratrol)

  • Mulberries (contain Resveratrol)

POSSIBLY DECREASES RISK

Have anti-inflammatory, anti-fibrotic, anti-proliferative and anti-angiogenic effects.

  • Garlic (contain Allicin)

  • Berries e.g. strawberries, raspberries and blackberries (contain Ellagic acid)

  • Walnuts and pecans (contain Ellagic acid)

  • Grapes (contain Ellagic acid)

  • Cruciferous vegetables e.g. broccoli, cabbage and cauliflower (contain Indole-3-carbinol and Sulforaphone)

  • Tomato (contain Lycopene and Quercetin)

  • Pink grapefruit (contain Lycopene)

  • Apricots (contain Lycopene)

  • Lemon (contain Quercetin)

  • Strawberries (contain Quercetin)

  • Apples (contain Ursolic acid)

  • Prunes (contain Ursolic acid)

  • Cranberries (contain Ursolic acid)

REFERENCES

  • Predisposing Factors for Fibroids and Outcome of Laparoscopic Myomectomy in Infertility. Prakash Trivedi and Mohini Abreo. J Gynecol Endosc Surg. 2009 Jan-Jun; 1(1): 47–56. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3304256/

  • Association of intakes of fat, dietary fibre, soya iso avones and alcohol with uterine fibroids in Japanese women. Nagata C et al. Br J Nutr. 2009 May;101(10):1427-31. https:// www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19459228

  • Uterine fibroids: current perspectives. Aamir T Khan et al. Int J Womens Health. 2014; 6: 95–114. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3914832/

  • Associations between uterine fibroids and lifestyles including diet, physical activity and stress: a case-control study in China. He Y et al. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2013;22(1):109-17. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23353618

  • Vegetarian diet and reduced uterine fibroids risk: A case-control study in Nanjing, China. Shen Y et al. J Obstet Gynaecol Res. 2016 Jan;42(1):87-94. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ pubmed/26458740

  • Use of dietary phytochemicals to target inflammation, fibrosis, proliferation, and angiogenesis in uterine tissues: Promising options for prevention and treatment of uterine broids? Md Soriful Islam et al. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2014 Aug; 58(8): 1667–1684. https:// www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4152895/


Juliana Kassianos